Research

 

Below you will find various resources to help you learn about poverty in our community

Estimating the Economic Cost of Childhood Poverty in the United States

Poverty has been an issue of ongoing concern for social work practitioners and researchers over the decades. The societal impact of poverty on a broad range of problems is widely acknowledged throughout the field. However, one vital piece of information regarding poverty has often been missing—its economic cost. 

Is Housing Inequality the Main Driver of Economic Inequality?

Economic inequality is one of the most significant issues facing cities and entire nations today. But a mounting body of research suggests that housing inequality may well be the biggest contributor to our economic divides.

A Five-Decade Fight to Improve Housing Choices for the Poor

The 91-year-old Chicago lawyer Alexander Polikoff, who argued the landmark Gautreaux case, is still working to increase housing mobility and desegregate urban areas.

Why America’s Black Mothers and Babies Are in a Life-or-Death Crisis

Cradle Cincinnati has just released its 2018 report along with a plan to focus on new areas such as racial bias, stress reduction during pregnancy through social supports, reduction of unexpected pregnancies, and increased attention to public policy and research. Our county experienced an infant mortality rate of 9 deaths per 1,000 live births between 2013 and 2017. (The national rate is 5.9 deaths per 1,000 live births.) We still rank among the worst 10% of counties in the country for infant mortality. As we work to improve birth outcomes in our community, we must remember that the infant mortality rate still differs dramatically by race. The infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births between 2013 and 2017 was 15.73 for black babies. That’s nearly three times as high as the rate for white babies (5.04) and Hispanic babies (5.25) in Hamilton County. We’ve seen many articles, blog posts, and reports on how birth experiences differ for women of different races, but this piece really caught our eye. Take a moment to consider what this excerpt from the article really means in terms of how many black babies die during the birthing process:

“Black infants in America are now more than twice as likely to die as white infants — 11.3 per 1,000 black babies, compared with 4.9 per 1,000 white babies, according to the most recent government data — a racial disparity that is actually wider than in 1850, 15 years before the end of slavery, when most black women were considered chattel. In one year, that racial gap adds up to more than 4,000 lost black babies. Education and income offer little protection. In fact, a black woman with an advanced degree is more likely to lose her baby than a white woman with less than an eighth-grade education.”

The author’s attention to how the lived experiences of black women contribute to poor birth outcomes for mothers and children is unmatched by any other piece we have read. This article shines a spotlight on how racism and racial bias in healthcare directly contribute to poor birth outcomes, and it highlights the role of doulas in providing support that yields measurable medical benefit in terms of birth outcomes for black women and children. One of the successful models for doula service delivery highlighted in this article actually comes from Uganda. We don’t always need the most high-tech solutions to make the most direct or immediate impact in our communities.
 

The Changing Geography of Poverty is a Challenge to Everyone

The CPC is well aware that the changes in the urban core creates changes in the suburban communities that are often foreign to its members. This is the ecosystem that must be challenged as we act on facilitating children and families on the pathway to self-sufficiency. All decisions have disproportional negative impact on those who are poor.
By now, the fact that gentrifying cities have moved many low-income residents to the suburbs is not news. Alas, the nation’s anti-poverty infrastructure—not exactly strong in urban centers to begin with—has not fully kept pace with the changes. 
 

How To Think About "Implicit Bias" 

When is the last time a stereotype popped into your mind? If you are like most people, the authors included, it happens all the time. That doesn’t make you a racist, sexist, or whatever-ist. 

Closing the Economic Race Gap Has Been Difficult—for Good Reasons

Individual change is important, but it will not be enough if we do not develop the next generation of social policies and address the importance of fixing the lingering legacy of American racism.

The Ohio Poverty Report - February 2018

The report provides a general description of trends and variations in poverty in Ohio.

Escaping Poverty Requires Almost 20 Years With Nearly Nothing Going Wrong

The MIT economist Peter Temin argues that economic inequality results in two distinct classes. And only one of them has any power.

The Prevention Institute: Addressing Adverse Community Experiences and Resilience across the US

Prevention Institute has numerous resources to help you understand why addressing community trauma is important in reducing the exposure to and long-term impact of adverse childhood experiences. Several of our recent reports delve into how community trauma increases risk factors that make adverse childhood experiences more likely to occur and reduces resilience factors for adverse childhood experiences, exacerbating their impact.

Policy Brief: Transitions Into and Out of Poverty in the United States

Transitions into and out of poverty often happen after major events such as marriage, divorce, or changes in income. They are also associated with economic factors, such as unemployment rates or wages. Understanding the impacts of each can show the difference between short-term, circumstantial poverty and longer-term poverty associated with more permanent limitations on earnings, employment and family structure.

Systemic Inequality:How America's Structural Racism Helped Create the Black-White Wealth Gap

Unfortunately, wealth in this country is unequally distributed by race—and particularly between white and black households. African American families have a fraction of the wealth of white families, leaving them more economically insecure and with far fewer opportunities for economic mobility. As this report documents, even after considering positive factors such as increased education levels, African Americans have less wealth than whites. Less wealth translates into fewer opportunities for upward mobility and is compounded by lower income levels and fewer chances to build wealth or pass accumulated wealth down to future generations.

Housing Presentation

Kathy Schwab from LISC and Liz Blume are two experts about housing in our community. Here is a very informative presentation they gave recently to the Steering Committee. Lots of opportunity.

The Child Poverty Collaborative's October 2016 Summit Report

This report compiles the information from the October 29, 2016 Community Summit and begins to map out the work that lies ahead.

A comparison of poverty in Hamilton County (Children under 5) 2000 to 2012

These maps show the increase from 2000 to 2012 of poverty in Cincinnati neighborhoods. Click above to download the maps and explore the change in specific neighborhoods.


The Urban League of Greater Southwest Ohio: The State of Black Cincinnati

More than 50 years since the historic 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, too many African-Americans - nationally and in Cincinnati - continue to struggle, lagging far behind whites economically and socially.


Cincinnati Youth Commission: Youth Gap Analysis report

Surveys of young people and their parents in Cincinnati show that young people are very hopeful about their futures. They see themselves as successfully completing high school and going on to be successful adults, and so do their parents. This held true throughout the city; in poor neighborhoods and well-off neighborhoods, for youth in two parent households, and for youth living with their moms or grandparents...


Cincinnati-Hamilton County Community Action Agency: Community assessment summary

Cincinnati is often heralded as a great place to raise children. However, this is not true in Cincinnati neighborhoods where poverty is intensifying. Nor is it true in the suburbs where poverty is growing and spreading, confounding communities that have not dealt with it before. There are now more people living in poverty in Cincinnati and Hamilton County than ever before. More than half of all children in Cincinnati under five years old are poor. Among black children, the figure rises to almost 70%.


University of Cincinnati / United Way of Greater Cincinnati Community Research Collaborative Poverty data, 2014

66% of children in a single female-headed household are in poverty in the City. Poverty rate for African Americans (41%) is double than that of Whites (20%) in the City. 40% of individuals in poverty worked at least part-time in the City.